Milos Calda, Charles University
Introduction: The present paper deals, above all, with the current program of immigration facilitation launched by the government of the Czech Republic (hereinafter CR) in 2001. The program, called “Pilot Project”, should test future larger-scale immigration policy implementation. One of the contributing factors to such a policy was the decline of the Czech population over the last decade. The paper will also look into the population development and give a brief historical background.