On October 15-16, CCIS Director John Skrentny will present at the conference “Entre discrimination et reconnaissance: Ce que racialiser veut dire” at the Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris, France (co-sponsored by the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race, Columbia University)
“…There are different reasons why border-crossing arrests are down, said Wayne Cornelius, director emeritus of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at UCSD.
Those who can afford it are also paying as much as $5,000 to be smuggled through border ports of entry, he said, seen as a safer alternative to treks through increasingly remote routes in the desert and mountains.
The depressed U.S. job market is a key factor, and even border security appears to have an economic factor. Tighter security has led to steeper smugglers’ fees, Cornelius said, often $3,000 just to cross on foot…”
CCIS associate director David FitzGerald’s new book A Nation of Emigrants has been reviewed in several prestigious academic journals. Writing in the summer 2009 edition of International Migration Review, Dietrich Thranhardt calls the book a “seminal and systematic analysis of Mexican emigration.” Alexandra Délano writes in the July 2009 edition of the Journal of Politics that “scholars in the fields of migration and Mexican studies will find this a readable and engaging book that raises provocative questions and presents original arguments that enrich the burgeoning literature on migrant-sending states.” Susan Greenhalgh writes in Population and Development Review that “A Nation of Emigrants is an important contribution to the literature on emigrant citizenship in an age of globalization. Many others have explored the responses of governments of receiving countries, yet few have examined, as FitzGerald does, the responses of the governments of origins.” Finally, Ernesto Castañeda writes in Contemporary Sociology, “This book will stimulate further research on the relation between culture, institutions, and migrant- sending and receiving states and is a wel- come addition to the literature on migration and nation formation.”
…The federal agency in charge of patrolling the borders, Customs and Border Protection, has added 11,212 agents in the last three years. In a recent study, Wayne Cornelius, co-director of a center on migration at the University of California, San Diego, found that 28 percent of Mexican immigrants he surveyed in early 2009 had slipped into the United States through a border station, including 52 percent who were hidden inside a vehicle and 39 percent who used fraudulent documents.
“This is now a well-established mode of illegal entry,” Mr. Cornelius said, preferred by women and children and anyone else seeking to minimize the dangers of crossing.
But the study showed that smugglers charge significantly more for passage through a border station, Mr. Cornelius said, up to $5,000 per person compared with $3,000 for a crossing outside a station.
With more than 225 million crossings annually through Southwest border stations, Mr. Cornelius said, “close scrutiny of this massive flow is impossible…” Read full article »
“…Wayne Cornelius, director emeritus of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at the University of California in San Diego, says he has conducted 4,000 interviews with illegal immigrants and potential migrants from Jalisco, Zacatecas, Oaxaca, and Yucatan in the past five years. His assessment:
‘The existing border fortifications do not keep undocumented migrants out of the US. Not even half are being apprehended on any given trip to the border, and of those who are apprehended, the success rate on the second or third try is upwards of 95 percent.’
‘There is no reason to believe that additional investments in the fence project – both physical fencing and the new “virtual fence” – will create an effective deterrent,’ he says…” Read full article »
Writing in a recent edition of Latin American Research Review, University of Oregon anthropologist Lynn Stephen gives mention to research carried out at CCIS and documented in the book The Impacts of Border Enforcement on Mexican Immigration. In her review essay “Expanding the Borderlands: Recent Studies on the U.S.-Mexico Border” Stephen writes that “the collection of Cornelius and Lewis addresses the relationship between U.S. immigration, labor, and trade policies, and what are considered current immigration problems in the United States.”
CNN News Update (7-23-2009 1 AM EDT) (Radio Clip)
Skip to the 2:00 minute mark to hear Dr. FitzGerald’s comments.
… People in Mexico are very aware that there’s an economic crisis in the U.S. and that there are far fewer jobs,” says David FitzGerald, associate director of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at the University of California-San Diego.
In January, he interviewed people in the Mexican town of Tunkás. “Most people in the last year or so have put off their plans to migrate to the U.S.,” he says … Read full article »