Pete Dominick, host of “Politics of the United States” on XM Radio, interviewed David FitzGerald on President Obama’s deployment of National Guard troops to the Southwest border.
“This looks very much like an election-year ploy,” said Wayne Cornelius, co-director of the Center of Expertise on Migration and Health at the University of California San Diego. He said it’s hard to believe that the president and Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano “really expect deployment of the National Guard to deter would-be illegal entrants.”
… However, there is no evidence that National Guard deployment impeded illegal immigrants, said Wayne Cornelius, director emeritus of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at UC San Diego.
In Cornelius’ 2007 survey of potential immigrants, the National Guard’s presence on the border was cited as a major concern by just 5% of interviewees — “the same proportion who were concerned about being robbed en route to the U.S. by Mexican police,” he said. “That’s even more revealing because a majority of our interviewees believed, incorrectly, that the National Guard troops were armed and authorized to shoot.”
Obama’s decision, Cornelius said, “looks very much like an election-year ploy. …
… In 2006, President Bush sent 6,000 National Guard troops to the border, including to San Diego.
Shortly after, Wayne Cornelius, who studies migration at UCSD, interviewed about 1,000 people in Mexico who were considering crossing to the United States illegally.
“The National Guard presence on the border was a major source of concern for just 5 percent of our interviewees. And it’s even more revealing because the majority believed, incorrectly, that the National Guard in 2006 were armed and, presumably, authorized to shoot,” said Cornelius.
Cornelius and a bipartisan homeland security analyst in Washington say sending the National Guard may buy political protection for the president and some Democratic congressman.
” … Being in a border city, this editorial page has never been enamored of the idea that the immigration problem can be fixed by building a wall or putting up a fence, and calling it a day. In fact, as has been pointed out by longtime border researcher Wayne Cornelius, formerly of UC San Diego, building walls often has the effect of sealing off immigrant communities and preventing the kind of cross-border migration that allows immigrants to go home. …”
Chancellor Marye Anne Fox has appointed CCIS Associate Director David FitzGerald as holder of the Gildred Chair for United States – Mexican Relations in the Division of Social Sciences, effective July 1. This appointment is based on the recommendation of campus reviewers and the enthusiastic endorsement by Dean Elman and Senior Vice Chancellor Drake.
Aarti Kohli – Operation Streamline: Assembly-Line Justice at the Border
Please listen (above) to the Research Seminar given by Aarti Kohli on May 18, 2010. We also encourage you to subscribe to our CCIS Podcast and listen to all of our research seminars for free!
Aarti Kohli, director of immigration policy at the Warren Institute, will discuss a recent research project examining a Department of Homeland Security program that requires the federal criminal prosecution and imprisonment of all unlawful border crossers. The program, known as Operation Streamline, mainly targets migrant workers with no criminal history and has resulted in skyrocketing caseloads in many federal district courts along the border. From 2007 to 2008, federal prosecutions of immigration crimes nearly doubled, reaching more than 70,000 cases.
To understand how Operation Streamline is working, the Warren Institute conducted interviews with judges, U.S. attorneys, defense attorneys, Border Patrol representatives and immigration lawyers in four cities where versions of the program are in place in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The Warren Institute’s report concludes that Operation Streamline raises significant legal and policy concerns. The program likely diverts crucial law enforcement resources away from fighting violent crime along the border, fails to demonstrate that it effectively reduces undocumented immigration, and violates the U.S. Constitution. This project also examines the Southern District of California as an alternative to Operation Streamline.
Aarti Kohli is Director of Immigration Policy at the Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity and Diversity at Berkeley School of Law. Her area of expertise is immigration law and policy. She leads the institute’s immigration initiative with the goal of connecting research with civic action and policy debate. Her work has focused on the following topics, among others: racial profiling in immigration enforcement, the intersection of criminal and immigration law; impact of deportations on U.S. citizen children, legal restrictions on immigrant access to healthcare; economic, social, and legal implications of state and local laws on immigrant integration.
She has served as a Consultant to the Office of Children’s Issues for the U.S. Department of State. Formerly, she was Judiciary Committee and Immigration and Claims Subcommittee counsel to Representative Howard Berman (D-CA). Prior to working for Congress, she served as Assistant Legislative Director at UNITE union in Washington DC. In addition, she has also worked as a consultant to the National Immigration Law Center, the Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children, and the National Immigration Forum. Aarti holds a J.D. from University of California Hastings College of the Law and a B.A. from UC Berkeley in Development Studies. She is a member of the California Bar.
CCIS Associate Director David FitzGerald’s book was reviewed recently in A Nation of Emigrants: How Mexico Manages its MigrationMigraciones Internacionales. Cecilia Imaz Bayona of Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México describes the book as “highly recommended and illustrative, as much for its historical material as for its arguments about new forms of citizenship produced by international migration.”
May 13-14, 2010, Weaver Conference Center, UC San Diego
The UC Center of Expertise on Migration and Health (COEMH), Is a component of the UC-wide Global Health Institute). The COEMH is a ten-campus, interdisciplinary program whose mission is to improve health and eliminate health disparities of international migrants, refugees, and internally displaced people around the world (see http://www.ucghi.universityofcalifornia.edu/coes/migration-and-health/index.aspx for further information).
The COEMH’s first annual, interdisciplinary Research Training Workshop will serve as a showcase for research being undertaken by graduate students and recent postdoctoral scholars throughout the UC system relating to migration and health. UC faculty members will serve as discussants, providing expert feedback on the students’ work and commenting on its relevance to their own research. Additional mentoring will be provided through one-on-one meetings between participating students and faculty members.
A selection of papers presented at the workshop will be published electronically as COEMH Working Papers and edited for publication as a special issue of a peer- ‐reviewed journal. A prize for the best paper will also be awarded.
Workshop Organizing Committee: Wayne Cornelius (UCSD), Coordinator; Frank Bean (UCI), Claire Brindis (UCSF), Robin DeLugan (UC Merced)
Agenda and Participants
Thursday, May 13
Welcome and Introductions
Session 1: Child Health and Family Dynamics
Luz Becerra (UCD)
Naomi Schapiro (UCSF)
Rosa Maria Sternberg (UCSF)
Kristin Yarris (UCLA)
Faculty Discussant: Sylvia Guendelman (UCB)
Session 2: Immigrant Incorporation and Generational Well-being
Rennie Lee (UCLA)
Carolyn Zambrano (UCIGeorgiana Bostean (UCI)
Ayman Tailakh (UCLA)
Faculty Discussant: Frank Bean (UCI)
Lunch and Keynote Address
Jay Silverman (Harvard School of Public Health), “Sex Trafficking: A Dark and Neglected Corner of Gender-based Violence and HIV Risk”
Session 3: Occupational and Environmental Health
Chelsea Eastman (UCD)
Shira Goldenberg (UCSD)
Angela Robertson (UCSD)
Barbara Baquero (UCSD)
Faculty Discussant: Marc Schenker (UCD)
Dinner and Keynote Address
Sylvia Guendelman (UCB),
“Birth Outcomes of Mexican immigrant Mothers: Advantages in the Midst of inequalities?”
Friday, May 14
Session 4: Women’s and Reproductive Health
Gloria Giraldo (UCLA)
Alexandra Minnis (UCB)
Maryada Vallet (UCLA)
Liliana Quezada & Katie Kessler (UCSD)
Faculty Discussant: Claire Brindis (UCSF)
Session 5: Health Care and Immigration Policy
Cassie Herzog (UCD)
Helen Marrow (UCB)
Rebecca Hester (UCSC/UI)
Jennifer Miller-Thayer (UCR)
Faculty Discussants: Wayne Cornelius (UCSD), Steffanie Strathdee (UCSD)
Lunch and adjournment
Meeting of COEMH Steering Committee
An op-ed by Emily Puhl, a current participant in the Mexican Migration Field Research Program (MMFRP), was published in the Des Moines Register. The op-ed cites MMFRP data to argue that increased border enforcement has not been successful in keeping undocumented immigrants from entering the United States.