John Skrentny, CCIS Director, discusses the changes to the nation’s immigration laws.
Thursday, January 31
Social Sciences Building 101
Veronica Terriquez (USC) will present, “The Political Socialization of Youth from Immigrant Families and the Role of Community-Based Organizations”.
Abstract: Advancing the literature on immigrant incorporation, youth civic engagement, and voluntary associations, this mixed-methods study examines the political socialization of youth from immigrant families. I contend that the barriers to immigrant parents’ political engagement limit their children’s political participation, unless children gain significant political exposure from community-based organizations (CBOs) or other non-family sources. Drawing on survey data from a representative sample of California’s youth population, my analysis demonstrate strong support for the top-down model of political socialization in which political behaviors, or lack thereof, are transmitted from immigrant parents to their U.S.-raised children. However, this is not the case for my unique survey sample of youth who participated in politically oriented CBOs. My analysis of follow-up in depth interviews with survey respondents indicates that while most youth do not seek to politicize their immigrant parents, CBO youth members actively orient their immigrant parents to U.S. politics. In describing the efforts of CBO youth members to educate their foreign-born parents about politics and encourage their participation, I demonstrate trickle-up effects in the political socialization of immigrant families. I argue that future research on politically oriented civic associations should consider the impact of individual-leve
*Jointly sponsored with UCSD Department of Sociology
What are the strengths and weaknesses of the partnership between Mexico and the United States? What might be done to improve it? Mexico and the United States explores both policy and process, and issues ranging from trade and development to concerns about migration, the environment, and crime. The book features CCIS Associate Director David FitzGerald and Rafael Alarcón’s chapter, “Migration: Policies and Politics”.
For more information, click here
CCIS Research Associate Tom Wong attended President Obama’s address on immigration reform in Las Vegas, NV January 29, 2013. The audience was comprised of the President’s key advisors on immigration policy, as well as several national and regional civil rights and immigrant-serving organizations that have played key roles in moving the immigration reform debate forward. Wong, in line with his current research on the determinants of immigration policy in the U.S., is advising several of these organizations on the political prospects for comprehensive immigration reform in 2013. After the address, the White House released more details of the President’s proposal to attendees, which can be found here.
Seminar to be held on Monday, January 28th in ERC 115 at 12:00 pm.
A largely dysfunctional American immigration system is only poorly explained by simple depictions of the political economy of lawmaking in this area, blaming functional economic policy-setting, longstanding public attitudes, explicit presidential discretion, or general gridlock. Instead, the structure of immigration law emerges from intersecting effects of three separate political economies – statutory compromises rooted in the political economy of lawmaking, organizational practices reflecting the political economy of implementation, and public reactions implicating the responses of policy elites and the larger public to each other. Together, these factors help constitute an immigration status quo of continuing legal controversies as well as powerful obstacles to change: (1) Particularly since 1986, American immigration statutes have created a legal arrangement essentially built to fail, giving authorities regulatory responsibilities that were all but impossible to achieve under existing law. (2) Implementation has been characterized by organizational fragmentation, with policy changes involving one agency producing externalities not owned by that agency, alongside limited presidential power to change enforcement or implementation. At the same time, (3) the interplay of unrealistic statutory goals, enforcement patterns, and public attitudes engenders a polarizing implementation dynamic, where agencies’ incapacity to enforce existing law tends to spur polarized responses producing legislation that exacerbates agency difficulties in meeting public expectations, without giving interested parties enough of a reason to support an alternative.
The resulting cycle favors expansion in the provision of border enforcement resources, a development supported or at least tolerated by most political actors yet failing to address the core institutional dysfunction in the system, while locking in most other features of the status quo. Beyond what these developments tell us about immigration law, they also reveal much about (a) how statutory entrenchment in the United States is affected by political cycles capable of eroding the legitimacy of public agencies, and (b) how powerful nation-states control, in limited but nonetheless significant ways, the transnational flows affecting their well-being and security.
Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar works at the intersection of law, public policy, and political science. A member of the Stanford Law School faculty since 2001, he is currently Professor and Deane F. Johnson Faculty Scholar at Stanford Law School, Professor (by courtesy) of Political Science, and the Co-Director of Stanford’s Center for International Security and Cooperation. His research and teaching focus on administrative law, executive power, and how organizations implement regulatory responsibilities involving public health and safety, migration, and international security in a changing world. In July 2010, the President appointed him to the Council of the Administrative Conference of the United States, an independent agency charged with improving the efficiency and fairness of federal regulatory programs. He also serves on the Department of Education’s National Commission on Educational Equity and Excellence, and the Department of State’s Advisory Sub-Committee on Economic Sanctions.
From early 2009 through the summer of 2010, he served as Special Assistant to the President for Justice and Regulatory Policy at the White House. In this capacity, he led the Domestic Policy Council’s work on criminal justice and drug policy, public health and food safety, regulatory reform, borders and immigration, civil rights, and rural and agricultural policy. Among other issues, Cuéllar worked on stricter food safety standards, the FDA’s regulatory science initiative, expanding support for local law enforcement and community-based crime prevention, strengthening border coordination and immigrant integration, and the Quadrennial Homeland Security Review. Before working at the White House, he co-chaired the Obama-Biden Transition’s Immigration Policy Working Group. During the second term of the Clinton Administration, he worked at the U.S. Department of the Treasury as Senior Advisor to the Under Secretary for Enforcement, where he focused on countering financial crime, improving border coordination, and enhancing anti-corruption measures. He is on the Board of Directors of the Constitution Project, a non-profit think-tank that builds bipartisan consensus on significant constitutional issues. He clerked for Chief Judge Mary M. Schroeder of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Discussing topics on immigration, CCIS Director John Skrentny is on U-T San Diego’s Insights on Immigration panel.
Monday, January 14
Social Sciences Building 102
UC San Diego
Non-Domination through Citizenship
Barbara Buckinx, Visiting Scholar, UC San Diego Center on Global Justice; recently of Goethe (Frankfurt), Brown, and Princeton Universities
Scholars such as David Miller rely on civic republican ideas about the normative importance of the state to defend a restrictive citizenship regime. I argue that republicanism instead mandates an inclusive membership policy, and that all non-temporary residents ought to be given access to the status of citizenship and its associated privileges. After all, the republican state can fulfill its function only when its law is non-arbitrary, and this obtains only when all those who are subject to the state’s rule have the necessary means at their disposal to force the state to take their interests into account. Against Iseult Honohan, I argue that a waiting period for citizenship acquisition can also not be justified. Finally, I consider and reject three alternatives to the extension of citizenship to residents: non-citizen voting, legal protections, and cosmopolitan citizenship.
The paper will be posted at http://polisci2.ucsd.edu/ptw/Current_Schedule.htm by 5 PM, Thursday, Jan 10.
For more information, please contact Gerry Mackie
CCIS Research Associate Steffanie Strathdee is the inaugural recipient of the Postdoctoral Scholar Mentoring Award.
For more information click here.
CCIS Research Associate Victoria Ojeda was awarded a Junior Faculty Fellowship by the UC Global Health Institute for her project, “Tijuana Business Attitudes Toward Deportees and the Acceptability of an Employment Opportunities Program.”