Papers and presentations from the COEMH Research Training Workshop, May 13-14, 2010

First Annual Research Training Workshop
May 13-14, 2010, UC San Diego

The COEMH’s first annual, interdisciplinary Research Training Workshop served as a showcase for research being undertaken by graduate students and recent postdoctoral scholars throughout the UC system relating to migration and health. UC faculty members served as discussants, providing expert feedback on the students’ work and commenting on its relevance to their own research. All ten UC campuses and eight academic disciplines were represented among the presenters and discussants. A selection of papers presented at the workshop will be published electronically as COEMH Working Papers and edited for publication as a special issue of a peer-reviewed journal. A prize for the best paper will also be awarded.

Workshop Organizing Committee: Wayne Cornelius (UCSD), Coordinator; Frank Bean (UCI), Claire Brindis (UCSF), Robin DeLugan (UC Merced)

Papers Presented

Session 1: Child Health and Family Dynamics

Luz Becerra (UCD) — Presentation | Paper

Naomi Schapiro (UCSF) — Presentation | Paper

Rosa Maria Sternberg (UCSF) — Presentation | Paper

Kristin Yarris (UCLA) — Presentation | Paper

Session 2: Immigrant Incorporation and Generational Well-being

Rennie Lee (UCLA) — Presentation | Paper

Carolyn Zambrano (UCI) — Presentation | Paper

Georgiana Bostean (UCI) — Presentation | Paper

Ayman Tailakh (UCLA) — Presentation | Paper

Keynote Address

Jay Silverman (Harvard School of Public Health), “Sex Trafficking: A Dark and Neglected Corner of Gender-­based Violence and HIV Risk” — Presentation

Session 3: Occupational and Environmental Health

Chelsea Eastman (UCD) — Presentation | Paper

Shira Goldenberg (UCSD) — Presentation | Paper

Angela Robertson (UCSD)

Barbara Baquero (UCSD) — Paper

Keynote

Sylvia Guendelman (UCB), “Birth Outcomes of Mexican immigrant Mothers: Advantages in the Midst of inequalities?” — Presentation

Session 4: Women’s and Reproductive Health

Gloria Giraldo (UCLA) — Presentation | Paper

Alexandra Minnis (UCB) — Presentation | Paper

Maryada Vallet (UCLA) — Presentation | Paper

Katie Kessler, Liliana Quezada & Shira Goldenberg (UCSD) — Presentation | Paper

Faculty Discussant: Claire Brindis (UCSF) — Presentation

Session 5: Health Care and Immigration Policy

Cassie Hartzog (UCD) — Presentation | Paper

Helen Marrow (UCB) — Presentation | Paper

Rebecca Hester (UCSC/UI) — Presentation | Paper

Jennifer Miller-­‐Thayer (UCR) — Presentation | Paper

Aarti Kohli – Operation Streamline: Assembly-Line Justice at the Border

Aarti Kohli – Operation Streamline: Assembly-Line Justice at the Border
 

Please listen (above) to the Research Seminar given by Aarti Kohli on May 18, 2010. We also encourage you to subscribe to our CCIS Podcast and listen to all of our research seminars for free!


Aarti Kohli, director of immigration policy at the Warren Institute, will discuss a recent research project examining a Department of Homeland Security program that requires the federal criminal prosecution and imprisonment of all unlawful border crossers. The program, known as Operation Streamline, mainly targets migrant workers with no criminal history and has resulted in skyrocketing caseloads in many federal district courts along the border. From 2007 to 2008, federal prosecutions of immigration crimes nearly doubled, reaching more than 70,000 cases.

To understand how Operation Streamline is working, the Warren Institute conducted interviews with judges, U.S. attorneys, defense attorneys, Border Patrol representatives and immigration lawyers in four cities where versions of the program are in place in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The Warren Institute’s report concludes that Operation Streamline raises significant legal and policy concerns. The program likely diverts crucial law enforcement resources away from fighting violent crime along the border, fails to demonstrate that it effectively reduces undocumented immigration, and violates the U.S. Constitution. This project also examines the Southern District of California as an alternative to Operation Streamline.

Aarti Kohli is Director of Immigration Policy at the Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity and Diversity at Berkeley School of Law. Her area of expertise is immigration law and policy. She leads the institute’s immigration initiative with the goal of connecting research with civic action and policy debate. Her work has focused on the following topics, among others: racial profiling in immigration enforcement, the intersection of criminal and immigration law; impact of deportations on U.S. citizen children, legal restrictions on immigrant access to healthcare; economic, social, and legal implications of state and local laws on immigrant integration.

She has served as a Consultant to the Office of Children’s Issues for the U.S. Department of State. Formerly, she was Judiciary Committee and Immigration and Claims Subcommittee counsel to Representative Howard Berman (D-CA). Prior to working for Congress, she served as Assistant Legislative Director at UNITE union in Washington DC. In addition, she has also worked as a consultant to the National Immigration Law Center, the Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children, and the National Immigration Forum. Aarti holds a J.D. from University of California Hastings College of the Law and a B.A. from UC Berkeley in Development Studies. She is a member of the California Bar.

Center of Expertise on Migration and Health — First Annual Research Training Workshop

Download PDF of conference agenda »

May 13-14, 2010, Weaver Conference Center, UC San Diego

The UC Center of Expertise on Migration and Health (COEMH), Is a component of the UC-wide Global Health Institute). The COEMH is a ten-campus, interdisciplinary program whose mission is to improve health and eliminate health disparities of international migrants, refugees, and internally displaced people around the world (see http://www.ucghi.universityofcalifornia.edu/coes/migration-and-health/index.aspx for further information).

The COEMH’s first annual, interdisciplinary Research Training Workshop will serve as a showcase for research being undertaken by graduate students and recent postdoctoral scholars throughout the UC system relating to migration and health. UC faculty members will serve as discussants, providing expert feedback on the students’ work and commenting on its relevance to their own research. Additional mentoring will be provided through one-on-one meetings between participating students and faculty members.

A selection of papers presented at the workshop will be published electronically as COEMH Working Papers and edited for publication as a special issue of a peer- ‐reviewed journal. A prize for the best paper will also be awarded.

Workshop Organizing Committee: Wayne Cornelius (UCSD), Coordinator; Frank Bean (UCI), Claire Brindis (UCSF), Robin DeLugan (UC Merced)

Agenda and Participants

Thursday, May 13

8:30 am
Welcome and Introductions

8:35 am
Session 1: Child Health and Family Dynamics

Luz Becerra (UCD)

Naomi Schapiro (UCSF)

Rosa Maria Sternberg (UCSF)

Kristin Yarris (UCLA)

Faculty Discussant: Sylvia Guendelman (UCB)

10:15 am
Coffee break

10:30 am
Session 2: Immigrant Incorporation and Generational Well-being

Rennie Lee (UCLA)

Carolyn Zambrano (UCIGeorgiana Bostean (UCI)

Ayman Tailakh (UCLA)

Faculty Discussant: Frank Bean (UCI)

12:15 pm
Lunch and Keynote Address

Jay Silverman (Harvard School of Public Health), “Sex Trafficking: A Dark and Neglected Corner of Gender-based Violence and HIV Risk”

1:45 pm
Session 3: Occupational and Environmental Health

Chelsea Eastman (UCD)

Shira Goldenberg (UCSD)

Angela Robertson (UCSD)

Barbara Baquero (UCSD)

Faculty Discussant: Marc Schenker (UCD)

5:30 pm
Dinner and Keynote Address

Sylvia Guendelman (UCB),

“Birth Outcomes of Mexican immigrant Mothers: Advantages in the Midst of inequalities?”

Friday, May 14

8:45 am
Session 4: Women’s and Reproductive Health

Gloria Giraldo (UCLA)

Alexandra Minnis (UCB)

Maryada Vallet (UCLA)

Liliana Quezada & Katie Kessler (UCSD)

Faculty Discussant: Claire Brindis (UCSF)

10:30 am
Coffee break

10:45 am
Session 5: Health Care and Immigration Policy

Cassie Herzog (UCD)

Helen Marrow (UCB)

Rebecca Hester (UCSC/UI)

Jennifer Miller-Thayer (UCR)

Faculty Discussants: Wayne Cornelius (UCSD), Steffanie Strathdee (UCSD)

12:15 pm
Lunch and adjournment

1:00-3:00 pm
Meeting of COEMH Steering Committee


Download PDF of conference agenda »

Kitty Calavita — Immigration, Race, and Law in Italy: The Political Economy of Backlash

Begins at 2:00 in the Eleanor Roosevelt Administration Building Conference Room

Italy has one of the fastest-growing immigrant populations in Europe. In this presentation, Calavita explores immigration law, the role of immigrant labor in the economy, and the racialization of immigrants in Italy. She notes that Italy has one of the lowest birthrates in the world and one of the oldest populations, and that immigrants help offset population declines and provide a critical labor force in many sectors and jobs at wages eschewed by Italians. She analyzes the current political backlash and racialization of immigrants within the context of a fundamental contradiction between the economic utility of immigrants as a third-world workforce and political rhetoric calling for their “integration.”

Kitty Calavita is Chancellor’s Professor of Criminology, Law and Society at the University of California, Irvine. She has conducted research and published widely in the field of immigration and immigration lawmaking. Her work is both contemporary and historical, U.S.-based and comparative. An early book, Inside the State: The Bracero Program, Immigration, and the INS, used unpublished archival material to document the internal dynamics of the INS in shaping the Bracero Program, and connected structural contradictions in the political economy to the details of agency decisionmaking. Her recent book, Immigrants at the Margins: Law, Race, and Exclusion in Southern Europe (Cambridge, 2005), examines immigrant marginalization in Italy and Spain, and the formal and informal legal processes that contribute to it.

Her most recent book is Invitation to Law & Society: An Introduction to the Study of Real Law (University of Chicago Press, 2010). Interweaving scholarship with personal anecdotes and humor, it is an engaging and accessible guide to the prominent issues and distinctive approaches in the field of law & society. Neither introductory text nor scholarly monograph, the book is meant for students and colleagues alike.

She has launched a new research agenda, together with her colleague Valerie Jenness,  that explores some of these issues of race, marginalization, and legal processes within the venue of prisons. She is interested specifically in the implementation of the informal grievance process in California prisons, and what the use of this process can tell us about prisoners’ legal consciousness, as well as about rights consciousness and prison life more generally. The study includes archival data from  prisoners’ written grievances, as well as interviews with current prisoners and corrections officials.

Clarissa Clo – Second Generations in Italy: Culture, Identity, and the Challenge of Citizenship

Clarissa Clo – Second Generations in Italy: Culture, Identity, and the Challenge of Citizenship
 

Please listen (above) to the Research Seminar given by Clarissa Clo on April 27, 2010. We also encourage you to subscribe to our CCIS Podcast and listen to all of our research seminars for free!


Begins at 2:00 in the Eleanor Roosevelt Administration Building Conference Room

Recent cultural productions by second generations in Italy offer an alternative and multifaceted representation of contemporary society while illuminating the impact and flaws of the current immigration and citizenship legislation. This multifarious body of work illustrates the range of creative resources adopted by young authors born and/or raised in Italy by immigrant parents. While migrant groups in Italy may be politically disenfranchised, culture, and popular culture in particular, is a site where many second generation youth explore and imagine new ways of identity and relation. The analysis of Italian culture and society provided by these authors is particularly insightful because they access it from the vantage point of a “diasporic sensitivity,” one that is simultaneously local and transnational. In particular, second generations have much to contribute to an understanding of how policies work to limit, instead of improving, individual lives and collective interests. This is especially interesting in the case of Italy where, given the substantial emigrant history of the country, citizenship is based on jus sanguinis. “Blood” (thus race) remains a determining factor towards naturalization and the current legislation not only continues to uphold a “familist” approach to citizenship, but it also allows for an ethnocentric prejudice in its application which favors descent or EU membership over birth on national soil, discriminating against those from other regions of the world lacking Italian or European pedigree.

I argue that second generations in Italy have important insights to offer to the discussion over citizenship at large. Their cultural productions place them at the center, and not on the margin, of debates over Italian nationality, culture, and identity in the age of globalization. Second generations are perhaps the best suited to critique the legal system on immigration and citizenship in Italy, not just because, unlike Italian (white) citizens, they are forced to deal with it frequently, but also because they are quite knowledgeable of the workings of these laws and their material ramifications. They are “experts” who transfigure their legal “street” knowledge into literature, music and art while at the same time playing an important role as cultural activists. Their creative contribution shows the complex ways in which current immigration and citizenship laws in Italy do not (want to) account for Black or hyphenated Italians, i.e. people of African, Asian, Latin American, and Eastern European origin. It is through reading and listening to these voices that it becomes possible to bridge the distance between the text of the law and its abstractions and the material – racialized and gendered – effects on those who are subjected to it.

Clarissa Clò is Assistant Professor of Italian and European Studies and Director of the Italian Program at San Diego State University where she specializes in Italian Cultural Studies. She received a Ph.D. in Literature from UCSD in 2003 and taught at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill before coming to SDSU. Her research interests include feminist, migration, and postcolonial studies, film, music, and popular culture. She has published in Annali d’Italianistica, Diacritics, Diaspora, Forum Italicum, Italian Culture, Italica, Il lettore di provincia and Transformations. She has written on The Battle of Algiers, regional documentary filmmaking, music subcultures, circum-Atlantic performances, Italian American women writers, Mediterranean Studies, and contemporary and postcolonial literature in Italy.

Min Zhou — Chinese Immigrant Transnational Organizations in the U.S. and Development in China

Min Zhou — Chinese Immigrant Transnational Organizations in the U.S. and Development in China
 

Please listen (above) to the Research Seminar given by Min Zhou on April 6th, 2010. We also encourage you to subscribe to our CCIS Podcast and listen to all of our research seminars for free!


This ongoing research project examines immigrant transnationalism via a close look at transnational organizations created by Chinese immigrants in the United States. It addresses the following questions: What are the scope, size, and nature of Chinese immigrant transnational organizations in the United States? Who is likely to actively participate in routine activities across national borders and why? How do these organizations interact with mainstream institutions in their hostland and homeland? What are the implications for immigrant incorporation to the United States and development in China? The study surveys a sample of 55 transnational organizations created by Chinese immigrants (out of an inventory of 1,370 ethnic Chinese organizations) in the United States and their effects on national and regional developments in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The study also draws on field observations and in-depth interviews of organizational leaders in the U.S. and China, including interviews with Chinese officials in charge of overseas Chinese affairs at various levels of government. Preliminary results indicate that Chinese immigrant organizations in the United States exist in a variety of fields: civic, music/arts, sports, social service, political, alumni, educational, economic, professional, and a range of organizations based on common family or clan ties and places of origin. Consistent with existing research on Latin American immigrant organizations, the study finds that transnationalism is likely to be practiced by married men with U.S. citizenship status and relatively stable employment or self-employment. While the familiar patterns of hometown-oriented involvement among transnational immigrants continue to be highly visible, new patterns of high-tech and capital-intensive developments in major metropolises and state-designated development zones have emerged among highly educated and highly assimilated immigrants. Although immigrant transnationalism is enthusiastically endorsed and supported by the Chinese government, immigrant transnational organizations tend to operate independently of the Chinese state with dual purposes of facilitating immigrant incorporation to U.S. society and homeland development in China.

Min Zhou, Ph.D., is Professor of Sociology & Asian American Studies and the Walter and Shirley Wang Endowed Chair in U.S.-China Relations and Communications at the University of California, Los Angeles. She is also the Chang Jiang Scholar Lecture Professor in Sun Yat-Sen University, China. Her main areas of research include international migration; ethnic and racial relations; ethnic entrepreneurship, education and the new second generation; Asia and Asian America; and urban sociology. She has published more than 130 refereed journal articles and book chapters, some of which have translated and published in Chinese, Korean, Spanish, French, and Portuguese. She is the author of Chinatown: The Socioeconomic Potential of an Urban Enclave, The Transformation of Chinese America, and Contemporary Chinese America: Immigration, Ethnicity, and Community Transformation; co-author of Growing up American: How Vietnamese Children Adapt to Life in the United States; co-editor of Contemporary Asian America and Asian American Youth: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity. Zhou is currently working on two book projects: Chinatown, Koreatown, and Beyond: How Ethnicity Matters for Immigrant Education and Los Angeles’ New Second Generation: Mobility, Identity, and the Making of a New American Metropolis). For more information, visit: http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/soc/faculty/zhou/

Population, Integration and Law: Implications for Immigration Policy

Population, Integration and Law: Implications for Immigration Policy

Monday-Tuesday, March 29-30, 2010

Catamaran Resort, San Diego, California

With the support of the German Marshall Fund TEAMS, UCB European Union Center of Excellence, UCSD Center for Comparative Immigration Studies

The purpose of this seminar is to explore the implications of population, economics, and integration impacts on immigration policies in the US and EU.

Monday, March 29, 2010

8:30am Welcome and Introductions

Philip Martin and Kay Hailbronner

8:45 Recent immigration patterns and their implications for policy

Jeff Passel, Pew Hispanic Center and David Coleman, Oxford

Comments: Michael Teitelbaum

10:30 Economic Impacts of Migration

Giovanni Peri, UCD, Pia Orrenius, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Hans Dietrich von Loffelholz, BAMF, Nuernberg

Katherine Richardson, SJSU

1pm Integration Patterns: Implications for Policy

John Skrentny and Gary Lee, UCSD

Friedrich Heckmann, Uni Bamberg, efms

Comments: David Kyle, UCD, Jeff Pennington, UCB

2:30 US immigration reform proposals

Philip Martin and Kevin Johnson, UC-Davis

Tuesday, March 30, 2010

8:15 New Modes of Migration Management? Return Agreements, Circular Migration and Partnerships

Implications of EU’s Lisbon Treaty, Kay Hailbronner, Uni Konstanz

Putting Country-Specific Immigration Arrangements in U.S. Historical Perspective, Hiroshi Motomura, UCLA

Transational Migration Management, Daniel Thym, Humboldt University Resettlement of Refugees in Europe, Achilles Skordas, University of Bristol

EU Approaches to Protection in the Region, Julia Schieber, University of Konstanz

The GFMD and Migration and Development, Irena Omelaniuk, GFMD Task Force

Circular Migration and Integration: Squaring the Circle, Christiane Kuptsch, ILO

10:45 The Role of Public International and Comparative Law in the Development of Migration Law

Recent Developments in the Swiss Law on Aliens, Daniel Thürer, University of Zürich

Supranational Representation under German Constitutional Law: a Paradigm Shift with Incalculable Consequences, Marcel Kau, University of Konstanz

Russian Migration Policy, Sergei Ryazantsev, Russian Academy of Sciences

The Impact of International and Comparative Law on the Immigration Regime of the United States, Jim Nafziger, Willamette University

12:30 Conclusions and Next Steps, Kay Hailbronner and Philip Martin

Scott Borger – Self-Selection and Liquidity Constraints in Different Migration Cost Regimes

Scott Borger – Self-Selection and Liquidity Constraints in Different Migration Cost Regimes
 

Please listen (above) to the Research Seminar given by Scott Borger on March 16th, 2010. We also encourage you to subscribe to our CCIS Podcast and listen to all of our research seminars for free!


As smuggling costs across the U.S.-Mexico border increased, a shift occurred in the types of migrants able to afford the costs. Potential unauthorized migrants face liquidity constraints meaning they cannot borrow in the formal sector against their future earnings to pay the cost for clandestine entry. In this paper I model the decision to migrate including this friction and the ability for U.S. social networks to alleviate these constraints. The model predicts (i) an increase in smuggling fees intensifies intermediate self-selection of migrants, (ii) an increase in US wages increases migration among higher skill types, and (iii) social networks enable lower skill types to migrate. The predictions of the model are tested by comparing migration behavior in low-cost and high-cost migration periods. I find evidence of a change in self-selection over time with an intensification of intermediate self-selection in the high-cost period relative to the low-cost period. Moreover, in the high-cost period, social networks increase the propensity to migrate of potential migrants with limited resources. In the model calibrated using U.S.-Mexico data, I find the smuggling fees are an important component of who migrates.

Scott Borger, Economist, Office of Immigration Statistics, U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Scott Borger is an Economist in the Office of Immigration Statistics in the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. He received his Ph.D. in Economics from UC San Diego in 2009 and was a graduate student researcher at CCIS from 2006-2009.

University of California International Migration Conference

Introduction and Panel 1. Ethnicity and the Politics of Immigration
 

Panel 2. Assimilation and Transnationalism
 

Panel 3. Immigration and the Welfare State
 

Panel 4. Immigration Law and Control
 


On March 12, 2010, CCIS will host a University of California-wide conference on international migration. Panels are listed below.

If you are interested in attending the conference, please contact Ana Minvielle, aminvielle@ucsd.edu.

The conference will be held in the Deutz Conference Room of the Institute of the Americas. For directions, please visit the IOA website.

Sponsored by CCIS, The Gifford Center for Population Studies at UC Davis, the Center for Research on Immigration, Population and Public Policy at UC Irvine, and UCLA Migration Study Group

Introduction (8:30 – 8:45 AM)

  • David FitzGerald and John Skrentny, CCIS, UCSD

Panel 1. Ethnicity and the Politics of Immigration (8:45 – 10:30 AM)

  • Immigration and the Political Transformation of White America: How Local Immigrant Context Shapes White Policy Views and Partisanship. Marisa Abrajano, Political Science, UCSD
  • Beyond the Ballot: Immigration Collective Action in Traditional and New Destinations in the U.S. Dina Okamoto, Sociology, UC Davis
  • Immigration Reforms and Immigrant/Ethnic Community Politics: Immigrant Generation and Latino Policy Preferences on Immigration Reform. Louis DeSipio, Political Science, UC Irvine
  • “In A Race All Their Own”: The Quest to Make Mexicans Ineligible for U.S. Citizenship. Natalia Molina, Ethnic Studies, UCSD
  • Chair and Discussant: Zoltan Hajnal, Political Science, UCSD

Break (10:30 – 11:00 AM)

Panel 2. Assimilation and Transnationalism (11:00 AM-12:45 PM)

  • Inheriting the homeland?: Intergenerational transmission of cross-border ties in migrant families. Thomas Soehl, Sociology, UCLA
  • A Rhizomatic Diaspora: Transnational Passage and the Sense of Place among Koreans in Latin America. Kyeyoung Park, Anthropology, UCLA
  • Between “Europe” and “Africa”: Building the “New” Ukraine on the Shoulders of Migrant Women. Cinzia Solari, Sociology, UC Berkeley
  • Chair and Discussant: Erin Hamilton, Sociology, UC Davis

Panel 3. Immigration and the Welfare State (1:45-3:30 PM)

  • Children of Immigrants in U.S. Schools: Today’s English Learners, Tomorrow’s Workforce. April Linton, Sociology, UC San Diego
  • Immigration and the Welfare State: Diversity, Public Assistance and Immigrant Incorporation. Frank Bean, Sociology, UC Irvine
  • A New Nativism or an American Tradition? Federal Citizenship and Legal Status Restrictions for Medicaid and Welfare. Cybelle Fox, Sociology, UC Berkeley
  • Chair and Discussant: Micah Gell-Redman, Political Science, UCSD

Break (3:30-4:00 PM)

Panel 4. Immigration Law and Control (4:00-5:45 PM)

  • Race and Immigration Law in the Americas, 1850-2000. David FitzGerald, Sociology, UCSD
  • A Global Documentary Regime? Regulating Mobility from the Developing World. Kamal Sadiq, Political Science, UC Irvine
  • A Diversion of Attention?: Immigration Courts and the Adjudication of Fourth and Fifth Amendment Rights. Jennifer M. Chacón, Law, UC Irvine
  • Chair and Discussant: David Kyle, Sociology, UC Davis

Note: This event is not sponsored by the Institute of the Americas

Michael Clemens — How U.S. visas affect skilled labor: A randomized natural experiment

Michael Clemens — How U.S. visas affect skilled labor: A randomized natural experiment
 

Please listen (above) to the Research Seminar given by Michael Clemens on March 9th, 2010. We also encourage you to subscribe to our CCIS Podcast and listen to all of our research seminars for free!


What are the effects of migration visas to rich countries on workers in poor countries? Though enormous international gaps in wages suggest that these effects could be large, the rarity of exogenous visa provision makes the true effects of visas difficult to measure. This study exploits a natural experiment wherein temporary US work visas were randomly allocated among a population of Indian high-tech workers in 2007 and 2008. It uses the experiment to test a set of predictions arising from economic theories of international migration: predictions relating to the effects of migration policy on migrants’ location choice, workers’ earnings, and foreign employers’ productivity. First, it finds that—contradicting a core assumption of the most common location choice models—choices depend heavily on the set of location options available. Policy limits on high-skill Indian labor to the US cause about 30% of those workers to go to other countries competing with the US for talented labor, including Western Europe, China, Singapore, and Japan, in a proportion far exceeding the relative sorting of migrants between India and those alternative destinations in the presence of the US option. Second, it provides an experimental estimate of the degree of selection on unobservable determinants of earnings for one group of temporary high-skill migration to the United States. Third, it offers evidence on the static and dynamic effects of spatial agglomeration economies on worker productivity.

Michael Clemens leads the Migration and Development Initiative at the Center for Global Development (CGD), where he studies the effects of international migration on people from and in developing countries. Michael joined the Center after completing his PhD in Economics at Harvard, where his fields were Development and Public Finance, and he wrote his dissertation in Economic History. In addition to his research at CGD he serves as an Affiliated Associate Professor of Public Policy at Georgetown University.