Starting in January 2014, TSI will host one or two PhD or post-doctoral students working on related topics who would like to partner with us on this intellectual journey. These individuals will work with Professors Levitt and Viterna on developing these ideas, participate in all TSI activities, and be welcome to take part in all open University seminars and public conferences. Please download the announcement for details.
Seminar to be held on Monday, June 3rd in ERC 115 at 12:00 pm.
This presentation draws on ethnographic research primarily conducted while I was employed as a regular production worker in a North Carolina meatpacking plant for sixteen months between 2009 and 2010. As part of a larger project that attempts to explain the character of social relations between Latina/o migrants and their chief counterparts in the workplace – African Americans – I trace the categories and meanings of shop floor racial talk with parallel attention to the diverse ethnoracial panoramas in Latina/o migrants’ origin countries. How are the terms moyo, negro, and moreno used at work? What does this suggest about how Latinos view African Americans as a group? And how does this language relate to pre-migration ideas about blacks and blackness? I find that the use of ethnoracial forms of identification is much more prevalent among Latina/os towards African Americans than the converse, and I examine the features of one particularly salient designation of African Americans as moyos, a term whose valence is indefinite and situational, but frequently acquires pejorative significance. I trace the transnational origins of this identification, finding that its adaptation and propagation occurs within the transnational spaces that Latina/o migrants occupy. Ultimately, I argue that Latinos’ deployment of bold symbolic boundaries expresses racialized resentment, reflecting and reinforcing their perception that they are the most oppressively exploited workers and that African Americans occupy a privileged position in the workplace.
Vanesa Ribas received her Ph.D. at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2012. Her research has appeared in the American Sociological Review (with Neal Caren and Raj Ghoshal), Social Science and Medicine (with Janette Dill and Philip Cohen), Teaching Sociology (with Raj Ghoshal et al.), and is forthcoming in Sociological Perspectives. She is working on a book based on her study of Latina/o migration to the American South, labor exploitation, and race relations in a large meatpacking plant.
Seminar to be held on Wednesday, May 22nd in ERC 115 at 12:00 pm.
To what extent is the French republican model still viable in debates over immigration and integration in France today? Viewed from the perspective of the last thirty years, which saw the rise of a powerful anti-immigrant political movement, the Front National, one might conclude that immigration in postwar France has been raging out of control. Yet despite the remarkable showing of the Front National in recent presidential elections, France has remained a relatively open immigration country, a tradition which dates from the middle of the nineteenth century. Annual levels of immigration have not fallen much below 100,000 since the early 1950s, the right to asylum has been respected by every postwar government, and France has maintained what is arguably the most liberal naturalization policy in Western Europe. How can we explain this continuity in the midst of crisis? I argue that the continuity in the principles and outcomes of French immigration policy is closely linked to the power of the republican model and to the limits of control that are a function of rights-based politics.
James F. Hollifield is Ora Nixon Arnold Professor of International Political Economy in the Department of Political Science and Director of the Tower Center for Political Studies at Southern Methodist University (SMU). He received his PhD in political science from Duke University in 1985. A member of the Council on Foreign Relations, he has worked as a consultant for a variety of governmental and intergovernmental organizations, and has published widely on international political and economic issues, including Immigrants, Markets, and States (Harvard UP, 1992), L’immigration et l’Etat Nation (L’Harmattan, 1997), Controlling Immigration (Stanford UP, 2nd Edition, 2004), Migration Theory: Talking Across Disciplines (Routledge, 2nd Edition, 2008), and International Political Economy: History, Theory and Policy (Cambridge UP, forthcoming) along with numerous other books and scientific articles. Hollifield has been the recipient of grants from private corporations and foundations as well as government agencies, including the German Marshall Fund of the United States, the Social Science Research Council, the Sloan Foundation, the Raytheon Company, and the National Science Foundation. His current research looks at the rapidly evolving relationship between trade, migration, and development with a special focus on human capital and how states use migration for strategic gains. He sits on several boards and is currently Chairman of the Owens Foundation and the Dallas County Historical Foundation, the governing body of the Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza.
Seminar to be held on Monday, April 29th in ERC 115 at 12:00 pm.
Will comprehensive immigration reform (CIR) pass in 2013? The momentum that has been building towards CIR, which accelerated with last November’s presidential election and has since grown even more with the recent introduction of the Senate ‘gang of 8′s” bill, has shown no signs of slowing down. As a matter of politics, the key question is whether there are enough votes in Congress? While there are no crystal balls to tell us how legislators will ultimately vote, the recent history of immigration politics in the U.S. provides sufficient information to make informed predictions, not only about how current members of Congress are likely to vote on the final passage of CIR, but also about how they are likely to vote on the various amendments that will be introduced. By modeling voting behavior on all recent immigration – related legislation – which provides some 6,000 observations in the Senate and over 10,000 observations in the House – I provide estimates for all 535 current members of Congress of the number of yes and no votes on the final passage of CIR, as well as estimates for a number of key amendments that, if passed, could fundamentally alter the bill.
Tom K. Wong is assistant professor of political science at the University of California, San Diego. Professor Wong’s research focuses on the politics of immigration, citizenship, and migrant illegality. As these issues have far-reaching implications, his work also explores the links between immigration, race and ethnicity, and the politics of identity. He is completing a book manuscript, which analyzes the determinants of immigration control policy across twenty-five Western immigrant-receiving democracies. He is also working on a project that creates a typology of the mobility regimes of immigrant-sending countries in order to explain patterns of contemporary international migration, as well as a project on the politics of migrant illegality. His work has been published as a book chapter with Stanford University Press and in the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.
Seminar to be held on Wednesday, April 17th in ERC 115 at 12:00 pm.
Research on immigration, educational achievement, and ethnoraciality has followed the lead of racialization and assimilation theories by focusing empirical attention on the immigrant-origin population (immigrants and their children) and effectively ignoring the third-plus generation (those who are US-born of US-born parents). We depart from this orthodox approach by placing third-plus-generation individuals at center stage to examine how they adjust to norms that the immigrant-origin population defines. We draw on fieldwork in Cupertino, California, a high-skilled immigrant gateway, where an Asian immigrant-origin population has established and enforces an amplified version of high-achievement norms. The resulting ethnoracial encoding of academic achievement constructs whiteness as having “lesser-than” status. Whiteness has come to represent low-achievement, laziness, and academic mediocrity; Asianness, by comparison, stands for high-achievement, hard work, and success. We argue that immigrants can serve as a foil against which the meaning and status of an ethnoracial category become recast, upending how the category is normally deployed in daily life. Our findings call into question the largely taken-for-granted analytical position that treats the third-plus generation, and especially whites, as the benchmark population that sets achievement norms and to which all other populations must adjust.
Tomás Jiménez is an Assistant Professor of Sociology at Stanford University. His research and writing focus on immigration, assimilation, social mobility, and ethnic and racial identity. His book, Replenished Ethnicity: Mexican Americans, Immigration, and Identity (University of California Press, 2010) was recently awarded the American Sociological Association’s Sociology of Latinos/as Section 2011 Distinguished Book Award. He is currently working on three projects. The first examines how host-society individuals (US-born of US-born parents) participate in the assimilation process by drawing on in-depth interviews with host-society individuals and observations in three distinct sub-regions in the Silicon Valley: East Palo Alto, Cupertino, and Berryessa. A second project (with Stanford PhD Candidate, Lorena Castro) looks at how immigration becomes part of American national identity. A third project (with social psychologist John Dovidio (Yale), political scientist Deborah Schildkraut (Tufts), and social psychologist Yuen Ho (UCLA), examines how contextual factors shape the sense of belonging and related intergroup attitudes, behaviors, and support for immigration policies among immigrants and host-society members in the United States. Professor Jiménez has taught at the University of California, San Diego. He has also been an Irvine Fellow at the New America Foundation. Before that, he was the American Sociological Association Congressional Fellow in the office of Rep. Michael Honda (CA-15). His writing on policy has appeared in reports for the Immigration Policy Center, and he has written opinion-editorials on the topic of immigrant assimilation in several major news outlets, including the Los Angeles Times, CNN.com, and the San Diego Union-Tribune. He holds a B.S. in sociology from Santa Clara University and A.M. and Ph.D. degrees in sociology from Harvard University.
Thursday, April 11
12:30pm – 2:00pm
Social Sciences Building 101
Rogers Brubaker (UCLA) will present, “Language, religion, and the politics of difference”.
*Jointly sponsored with UCSD Department of Sociology
Thursday, March 7
Social Sciences Building 101
This paper is based on five years of ethnographic field research among a group of Latino fruit vendors in Los Angeles as well as interviews with their Mexico-based family members. It examines the influence of the sending community on migrant outcomes in the United States. For this population of migrants, I argue that the sending community and social networks structured around it can help to explain how migrants entered into and remained in the informal and high-risk work of fruit vending. In some instances, the exploitative nature of social networks structured around sending community negatively impacted outcomes in the U.S. and subsequently affected these migrants’ economic and social contact with home.
Rocio Rosales is a Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at the University of California – San Diego. She completed her Ph.D. in Sociology at the University of California-Los Angeles in 2012. She received her A.B. in Sociology (cum laude) with a certificate in Latin American Studies from Princeton University. Her research interests involve international migration, informal work, Latinos/as in the U.S. and urban ethnography. Her work will appear in a forthcoming issue of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies and as a chapter in a forthcoming edited book published by the Russell Sage Foundation.
* Jointly sponsored with UCSD Department of Sociology
Tuesday, March 5 at 6:00pm
Hojel Auditorium, Institute of the Americas
UC San Diego
Two recent U.S. Supreme Court cases seem to send opposite messages about the hundreds of recent state and local laws regulating noncitizens. One decision upheld Arizona’s law imposing sanctions on employers hiring undocumented workers, while the other struck down many parts of that state’s notorious SB1070, designed to drive out undocumented people using a policy of “attrition through enforcement.” Where is the line between valid state assistance to the federal government and unconstitutionally establishing independent state immigration policies? What could be wrong with the states helping enforce the federal government’s own statutes?
Gabriel J. Chin is Professor of Law at the University of California Davis School of Law. A former professor at the University of Arizona, he has written extensively about that state’s SB1070 law and other state immigration regulations.
For more information, contact Warren College at firstname.lastname@example.org.
*Jointly sponsored with UC San Diego, Earl Warren College and California Western School of Law, San Diego
Seminar to be held on Monday, March 4th in ERC 115 at 12:00 pm.
Coming out of the Great Recession, slow economic recovery has U.S. communities seeking strategies that will grow jobs in the short term and improve standards of living over the long term. This talk focuses on immigrants in the labor force and their skills, an especially relevant topic given that debates about immigration policy reform have started. How geographic regions can invest in the human capital and economic advancement of immigrants who are already living in their jurisdictions, to help boost short- and long-term U.S. economic growth, will be discussed.
Audrey Singer is a senior fellow at the Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program. Her areas of expertise include demography, international migration, U.S. immigration policy, and urban and metropolitan change. She has written extensively on U.S. immigration trends, including immigrant integration, undocumented migration, naturalization and citizenship, and the changing racial and ethnic composition of the United States. Her co-edited book, Twenty-First Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America, focuses on the fastest growing immigrant populations among second-tier metropolitan areas including Washington, DC, Atlanta, Dallas, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Sacramento, and Charlotte. Other Brookings publications include, “The Geography of Immigrant Skills,” “State of Metropolitan America: on the Front Lines of Demographic Transformation,” “Immigrants, Politics, and Local Response in Suburban Washington,” “The Rise of New Immigrant Gateways,” and “From ‘Here’ to ‘There:’ Refugee Resettlement in Metropolitan America.” Her articles have appeared in academic journals such as International Migration Review, Demography, Urban Geography, Geographical Review, and Ethnic and Racial Studies and her commentary has appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, CNN.com, Baltimore Sun, Christian Science Monitor, Seattle Times and Vanguardia Dossier. Prior to joining Brookings, Singer was an associate in the International Migration Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Prior to Carnegie, she held a faculty position in the Department of Demography at Georgetown University, and was a demographic analyst at the U.S. Department of Labor. She was chair of the International Migration Section of the American Sociological Association in 2010. Singer earned a Ph.D. in sociology, with a specialization in demography, from the University of Texas at Austin. She has an M.A. in sociology also from the University of Texas at Austin and a B.A. in sociology from Temple University. She conducted postdoctoral research at the University of Chicago.
“We asked for workers and families came:” Children, youth and families in migration
Friday, February 22, 2013
9am to 8pm (including dinner and cultural event)
University of California, Los Angeles
(385 Charles E. Young Drive, 1242 Law Building, Los Angeles, California 90095)
This conference draws together UC-wide faculty and students who study children, youth and families in relation to migration issues, broadly defined. Collectively, we want to address such questions as: How do migration experiences shape the experiences of growing up and raising children? How do current immigration policies affect families? How are the children of immigrants faring in educational contexts? What identities are they forming? What are their daily lives and experiences, and aspirations for the future? What policies and practices best support the health and welfare of immigrant children, youth and families? How does the recognition of children’s claims to educational access and to various forms of lawful status (ranging from Deferred Action to U.S. citizenship), based on their ties or their birth in the United States, both reflect and affect fundamental notions of citizenship and belonging?
To RSVP, click here.
* Jointly sponsored with UCLA
SCHEDULE (Rooms subject to change):
8:30-9:00 a.m. BREAKFAST AND REGISTRATION
Held in the hallway outside of Room 1347.
9:00-9:15 a.m. WELCOME
Remarks by Marcelo Suarez-Orozco.
9:15-10:45 a.m. PLENARY SESSION: CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN IMMIGRATION LAW
10:45-11:00 a.m. BREAK
Refreshments provided outside of Room 1347.
11:00-12:30 p.m. PLENARY SESSION: YOUTH, FAMILY, AND IMMIGRANT HEALTH
12:30-1:30 p.m. LUNCH
Boxed lunches are located outside of Room 1347.
1:30-2:30 p.m. POSTER PRESENTATIONS
Poster presentations are located in the hallway outside of Room 1347.
2:30-3:45 p.m. BREAKOUT PANELS, SESSION A
ROOM 1347: IMMIGRANT PARENTS AND EDUCATIONAL POLICY
ROOM 1457: IMMIGRANT RIGHTS AND PUBLIC OPINION
ROOM 1420: HOUSEHOLD AND COMMUNITY DYNAMIC
ROOM 1430: MOBILIZATION AND EXPERIENCE OF BEING UNDOCUMENTED
3:45-4:00 p.m. BREAK
4:00-5:15 p.m. BREAKOUT PANELS, SESSION B
ROOM 1347: GENERATIONAL PATHWAYS
ROOM 1457: IDENTITY AND BELONGING
ROOM 1420: TRANSNATIONALISM AND FAMILIES
ROOM 1430: UNDOCUMENTED TENSIONS
ROOM 1347: EDUCATION OF LATINO IMMIGRANTS
6:00-8:30 p.m. Dinner (with keynote speaker and cultural event)