…When a team of researchers from the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at UCSD interviewed more than 1,000 people from a small town in the Mexican state of YucatÁn, they found that about 25 percent fewer people are considering crossing this year, compared to a similar study they did three years ago. The researchers also found that 90 percent of those interviewed said it was getting harder to find gainful employment in the United States… Read full article »
…”Migrants these days go where the non-agricultural jobs are, and where their relatives have taken up residence,” said Wayne Cornelius, director of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at the University of California San Diego. “San Diego’s employment base is not particularly attractive these days, especially when the effects of family networks are factored in…” Read full article »
…An eye opener: Wayne and his research team also found that U.S. Immigration enforcement away from the border area does not scare undocumented workers to return to Mexico. There is not yet enough enforcement activity to induce most employers who use this kind of labor to stop hiring.
More than three out of five undocumented migrants interviewed by Wayne and his team in early 2009 reported that their U.S. employer probably actually knew, or knew for sure, that they were unauthorized to work in the U.S. But they were still hired.
Wayne’s research shows that experiencing a workplace raid — or having a relative or friend who had been caught by Immigration — does not discourage most Mexicans from migrating again. There is no deterrence caused by Immigration raids…Read full article »
…But Wayne Cornelius, the director of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at the University of California, San Diego, predicted that if the United States job market revived, border enforcement would become much less of a deterrent.
The center has documented the causes of the decrease in Mexican migration though interviews this year with more than 1,000 Mexicans in California and in a Yucatán village that has been a source of migrants. In the interviews, all of the Mexicans who did set out from Yucatán for the United States reported that they eventually succeeded in crossing.
Mexicans are “not forgoing migration forever,” Professor Cornelius said. “They are hoping that the economy in the United States will improve…” Read full article »
“…The depressed jobs magnet – particularly in construction – has been a deterrent to illegal immigration, said Wayne Cornelius, director of the Center for Comparative Immigration Studies at UC San Diego. But work-site enforcement has not, according to recent interviews with prospective migrants conducted by the center in the Mexican state of Yucatan…” Read full article »
Director, Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, UC San Diego
It’s very clear that the Obama administration is not going to get to comprehensive immigration reform this year. There are simply too many distractions. So if you’re not going to do immigration reform, what do you do? You suggest that you are responsive to the drug violence and respond to very strong criticism from the Hispanic Caucus and the pro-immigration lobby’s criticism of the work-site raids that have taken place in recent years. What they’re saying, and I agree strongly, is that conducting raids affects mostly migrant workers themselves; it does not create a systematic deterrent to employers. It would be better to do more workplace audits, to ramp up the enforcement of the existing employer-sanctions law, rather than do these pinprick raids. You audit the hiring records and make sure the Social Security numbers on those forms coincide with what’s in the federal database… Read full article »
[this editorial was prepared with the research assistance of CCIS]
…A good start would be for the U.S. and Mexico to cooperate. The U.S. could shift some resources from immigration enforcement to fighting drug and weapons trafficking and money laundering…Read full article »