Social, Spatial, and Skill Mismatch Among Immigrants and Native-Born Workers in Los Angeles (Working Paper #1)
Manuel Pastor, University of California – Santa Cruz
Enrico Marcelli, University of Massachusetts – Boston
Summary: This paper explores how these various “mismatches” determine labor market outcomes in Los Angeles County. The primary data source, from which we draw individual human capital and social network quality, is the Los Angeles Survey of Urban Inequality (LASUI). We combine this database with both a unique dataset on job location and composition and Census-based data. The combination allows us to create better measures of spatial mismatch than those used in most of the previous literature, including a variable capturing job growth in a localized labor market and an innovative measure of the divergence between the skill base of local residents and the skill requirements of local employment.